HELLO EVERYONE . We have always heard of problems related to menstruation, obesity , ovaries etc. Let’s discuss more about it today. In today’s blog we shall learn about the causes, symptoms and the treatment of PCOD/PCOS.
1. WHAT IS PCOD?
Polycystic Ovary Disorder also known as PCOD is a disorder caused by an imbalance of hormones in the female reproductive system.
The principal features include no ovulation, irregular periods. Usually the ovaries makes female sex hormones and also a little amount of male sex hormones (androgens).
This is because it helps in regulating the normal development of eggs in the ovaries during each menstrual cycle.
Polycystic ovary syndrome is an imbalance in these sex hormones.
In PCOD the hormonal imbalance leads to an excess secretion of the male hormone which leads to irregular periods and delayed egg release.
It is a very common condition affecting 5% to 10% of women in the age group 12–45 years.
2. WHAT IS PCOS?
Polycystic Ovary Syndrome is somewhat similar to that of PCOD but it has effects to a different level. It is an endocrinal problem.
Women who suffer from PCOS produce higher than usual levels of male hormone – androgen necessary for ovulation.
This impacts the menstrual cycle and hence the eggs form as cyst and build around the ovaries increasing it in size. This can lead to obesity nd other chronic diseases.
The severity of this disease also depends on the age and pre existing health problems.
3. WHAT ARE THE CAUSES OF PCOD / PCOS ?
THE ACCURATE CAUSE OF PCOD IS STILL UNIDENTIFIED. However, the excess release of insulin in the body is one of the cause.
Early menarche , unhealthy lifestyle and pollution are some of the reasons for PCOD. The causes of PCOS may include a combination of environmental and genetic factors.
READ THE BLOG TILL THE END TO KNOW THE TREATMENT OF PCOD /PCOS.
4. WHAT ARE THE SYMPTOMS OF PCOD/ PCOS ?
The common symptoms of PCOD/PCOS include:-
— Irregular menstruation
–Unusual and excess hair growth all over the body (hirsutism)
–Heavy bleeding ( menorrhagia )
One can have a single symptom or all of these symptoms.
5. WHAT IS THE TREATMENT FOR PCOD /PCOS ?
THERE IS NO CURE FOR PCOD/PCOS, BUT BOTH OF THEM CAN BE MANAGED EASILY.
PCOD can usually be treated with the right kind of diet and exercise. The treatment of PCOD / PCOS IS GIVEN BELOW.
PCOS requires specific medication . Lifestyle changes are used to fight the symptoms of the problem such as INFERTILITY, obesity etc.
Making lifestyle changes and changes in eating habits plays a really important role.
Managing a good and healthy diet, fighting stress in a better way and exercises on a REGULAR BASIS can help in dealing with PCOS.
6. WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN PCOD AND PCOS ?
Here are the major differences between PCOD and PCOS :-
–PCOD IS A MILD PROBLEM WHEREAS PCOS CAN BE A SERIOUS PROBLEM.
–IT IS A TEMPORARY PROBLEM WHEREAS PCOS CAN BE A LIFELONG PROBLEM.
— PCOD IS A METABOLIC PROBLEM WHEREAS PCOS IS ALSO RELATED TO ACNE,HAIR LOSS, FACIAL HAIR GROWTH ETC.
7.WHAT IS IMPACT OF PCOS AND PCOD ON PREGNANCY ?
Infertility and conceiving problems are one of the major problems of PCOS AND PCOS. NONETHELESS, females can get pregnant with the right medication, lifestyle changes and diet. Some low tech fertility surgeries also help in lessening the problems.
Maintaining a healthy weight, boosting fertility and ovulation naturally can be some of the measures women can adopt to increase the chances of getting pregnant without any problem.
Apart from this, women of every age should make sure that they follow a good lifestyle to keep problems away.
–Having a rich and diet which is rich in nourishing vitamins, nutrients and minerals.
–Practising a good and disciplined lifestyle.
–Cutting down on tobacco and alcohol intake.
–Managing stress in a better way.
8. WHAT ARE THE COMPLICATIONS OF PCOD AND PCOS ?
–Increased risk of endometrial cancer
–High blood pressure
— heart problems
–Risk of breast cancer
9. WHOM TO CONSULT IN CASE WE NOTICE SYMPTOMS OF PCOD OR PCOS ?
One must consult an Endocrinologist in case if you have the above symptoms. An endocrinologist is a one with advanced training in hormone-related medical problems.
10. WHAT ARE THE TYPES OF PCOS ?
The FOUR types of PCOS are :-
a) INSULIN RESITANT PCOS
Insulin resistant PCOS is the most common type of PCOS. It is cause by smoking, pollution and trams fat. In this type of PCOS high levels of insulin is released which prevents ovulation and hence makes the ovaries release testesterone.
If you are suffering from this type of PCOD then STOP CONSUMING SUGAR . Having sugar in limit is ok but consuming it in large quantity can lead to increase in insulin level.
b) PILL INDUCED PCOS
This type of PCOS is also very common. It develops due to the birth control pills consumed which restricts ovulation. For some this does not last long because ovulation starts back in women after the effect of the pill is over.
For some women ovulation may not start even after the effect of the pill is over . This may sometimes extend to not ovulating for around motnhs and years. That is the time when you should consult a doctor.
c) INFLAMMATORY PCOS
In PCOS due to inflammation( that is body’s response to irritativeness) ovulation gets prevented. Hormones get imbalanced and hence androgens are produced.
Inflammation is caused by stress, toxics of the environment and inflammatory dietary like gluten. Symptoms such as headaches, skin allergies or if your tests show that you have a deficiency of Vitamin D then you may have chances of INFLAMMATORY PCOS.
If you find out you are affected by this then learn to lower down your stress. Stop consuming INFLAMMATORY products or wheat. Magnesium has anti-inflammatory effects hence start consuming it. The improvement of this process is slow.
d) HIDDEN PCOS
This is a simpler form of PCOS,which takes around 3-4 months to cure. Causes of hidden PCOS include, thyroid, deficiency of iodine etc.
If you are already done with numerous home or natural treatments for PCOS and nothing is working for you then consulting a doctor is highly recommended.
This was all about PCOD and the treatment of PCOS . So now the next you notice these symptoms you know what to do. EAT HEALTHY STAY SAFE.
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